In reference to the patent: US 2,981,578
I would like to know if the copy rights of this item are still in their period of validity.
Copyright is not applicable, so I am assuming you mean "enforceable".
The patent in question has a Filing Date of May 20, 1959, a grant date of April 25, 1961, and is a continuation from an application with a Priority Date of May 2, 1957.
The patent, and its claims and subject matter have been in the Public Domain since April 25, 1978.