A design patent application can't claim priority to a provisional application in the U.S. MPEP § 1504.10.
However, a provisional can be converted to a non-provisional see MPEP 601.01(c). This is not the normal path of a second filing but a true conversion of a application of one type to another. It exists becasue for provisionals as a class to count as a filing under the Paris Convention it needs to be able to lead to a issued patent.
So you can follow the process in 601.01(c) and then, after conversion, claim priority to it in a design application.
If the provisional does not meet the minimum requirements of a non-provisional this path with not work.
At this point not having a claim will not block this path since the AIA removed the requirement for a claim to get a filing date. A claim can be added after conversion.