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My patent may have several types of new inventions within it. If I get a patent on my one invention do I have some type of patent rights over those other novel features in the invention or do I have to claim each one individually for special rights ?

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The protection is defined by - and only by - the claims.

You can talk about god, the world, your neighbours dog, apple and the blue LED in your patent specification, but that will not grant you any kind of protection.

The grant of a patent is primarily decided by the novelty and inventiveness of it's claims and the wording of these (the claims that are granted) decides what is protected.

Nobody may use, sell, etc. anything that falls under the literal scope of the claims of a granted patent without a license. Equivalents are protected to some extent (for further information research "doctrine of equivalents").

Anything else that appears only in the description does not entitle you to any protection.

If you do want to try to obtain protection for other material described in the application, you can pursue claims directed to that material in a continuation application or a divisional application. Any continuing application need to be filed while the parent application is still pending (i.e., before the parent goes abandoned or issues as a patent).

It should be noted that the claims need to be supported by the specification and that non-standard terms used in the claims need to be defined. Also, while what is protected is defined by the claims, any additional information disclosed in the patent becomes prior art and can be used to keep others (or even the original inventor) from obtaining further patents.

  • So as long as it is novel "makes sense " and is in the claims then I have rights over each novel element of my patent ??? – Kevin Mar 1 '17 at 13:40
  • So lang as it is in the claims after the grant of the patent you have protection rights. For it to be there, the patent with the claims needs to be granted and for that to happen, all claimed inventions have to fulfill the requirements (novelty, inventiveness/inventive step and usefullness/industrial applicability). – DonQuiKong Mar 1 '17 at 13:44
  • In short/rephrased: whatever is in the claims after the grant is protected, whatever is not, is not. Theoretically it could be the biggest not novel bullshit, if it got granted, you have the rights on it (unless it gets invalidated later). But the examination is there to prevent this and for claims to get through the examination and get granted, they have to fulfill the requirements (or the examiner has to think they do). – DonQuiKong Mar 1 '17 at 13:45
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    @DonQuiKong I added a brief paragraph. Feel free to edit it if you don't fully agree. – Eric Shain Mar 3 '17 at 17:07
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    @CanisNebula feel free to edit/suggest an edit yourself, that's why I made the answer community wiki, lowering the reputation needed to edit it. – DonQuiKong Apr 4 '17 at 9:50

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