I think any of the usual patent search sites may be able to help with this. I particularly like The Lens, but patents.google.com or www.freepatentsonline.com/search.html would do as well. The secret is to use classification codes to define the field of search. Here are links for US and international codes. Classification codes are complex and generally more specific than "life sciences" so you'll need to think hard about what you are looking for.
You can limit your search to specific date ranges, countries and classification codes. The Lens also provides some neat graphical representations of the results you might find helpful. If you register, which is free, you can save searches and access a few additional features.
This site has a list of life science IPC codes. In addition, I found this paper that may be of interest.