This answer relates to US infringement.
Not exactly. One limitation on recovering damages goes the other way in time.
35 U.S. Code § 286 - Time limitation on damages US Code Notes
Except as otherwise provided by law, no
recovery shall be had for any infringement committed more than six
years prior to the filing of the complaint or counterclaim for
infringement in the action.
If you have been infringing for 10 years, only the most recent 6 years counts for damages. In addition, there is a doctrine of equitable estoppel. It is a defense in a patent infringement suit where the patent owner has previously notified you and made noises about stoping you and then goes silent for a long time. It requires a showing of (1) misleading statements or conduct; (2) action in reliance; and (3) resulting prejudice.