Questions tagged [claims]

Related to claims definition, interpretation, technical terms, the extent, scope, of the protection conferred to a patent

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using of generic placeholder "module" that invokes 35 U.S.C. 112(f)

I have a patent containing multiple placeholders such as "a vision processing module" and "a mapping module" which have been regarded as means-plus-function and invoked 35 U.S.C. ...
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Scope of a method claim when it uses terms that are narrowly construed in an apparatus claim

I'm trying to decipher a competitor's patent (US only), which follows the usual system-method-CRM format for computerized patents (in this case, a standard computer with standard peripherals running ...
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How are the elements of a claim determined?

If a hat = cap + visor, then how is it determined that the elements are cap and visor? Is this determined by the claim language used in the claim? Meaning, the elements are defined by the inventor? So ...
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A claim that is more general than one in prior art

Supposed that in prior art, this claim exists: Triangular shaped object Circular shaped object Square shaped object Would the following claim be allowed: Triangular shaped object Circular shaped ...
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Why has the number of claims risen over the past few decades (doubled between 1975 and 2005)?

I saw on https://patentlyo.com/patent/2007/12/rising-claim-co.html: Why has the number of claims risen over the past few decades? Data: The chart shows the average number of total claims and ...
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If an invention requires an X number of whatever, does a specific X has to be explicitly stated in the patent applicable?

My invention can work in general if it has 2 or more compartments. Can I just make it as general as possible and say "2 or more compartments", or must I claim a specific number?
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Interpretation of apparatus having specific logic

Here is a patent (US10255656B2) that claims an apparatus with specific functionality. I would like to focus on the first claim for now: A multiprocessor comprising: a register file to store operands;...
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Independent and dependent claims relation

Is it possible to infringe a patent by infringing dependent claims and not independent claims? Does that mean I just need to check independent claims of a patent to be sure I don't infringe the patent?...
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Is the goal of a patent claim to have as few elements as possible?

Let's suppose that a patent claim consists of 3 elements, A, B, and C. It is only infringement if someone creates a product that contains at least 3 of those elements. Hence, would it not beehive the ...
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Why do few US patents have reference numbers in the abstract and claims?

In my experience very few US patent documents have reference numbers in the claims or abstract, even though doing so would make the document easier to understand. Why is this? MPEP 608.01(m) states: ...
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Is it okay to modify existing patent and file it?

Sorry for the dumb questions but as an engineer I am trying to file a patent myself. I was advised to copy the existing patent that is very similar to mine and start by modifying it for my own idea. ...
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Why no sue for using linked list?

I found a patent with active status apparently claimed the linked-list data structure. A computerized list that may be traversed in at least two sequences comprising: a first sequence of items that ...
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Can it be patentable?

Lets say, there is prior art PA whose claim is a method comprising steps A -> B -> C -> D. The method is used in a complex system S, as a part along with many other different components of ...
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Prior art and claim

If one writes the main claim by using a classifying part and a characterizing portion of this claim, then the classifying part reflects the known prior art or its features and the characterizing part ...
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How to define a custom term in a patent claim?

How to define a custom term in a patent claim? I want to define a custom term in my claim and the term will be used in later parts of the claim. For example, A method of an electronic device, ...
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Why inventor will use "consisting" instead of "comprising" transitional phrase in a patent claim?

Why inventor will use "consisting" instead of "comprising" transitional phrase in a patent claim? If a transitional phrase, "comprising" covers broader scopes than a ...
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Why not merging multiple patents to save money?

Why not merging multiple patents to save money? I often find single company, single inventor submitted multiple patents at the same time. We all know that, to apply for a patent companies need to ...
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Scope of a feature "..connected together"

I guess this question relates to General and specific feature. In the patent EP 2778 117 there is written in [0018]: "The outer layer (1) can be made of single material, such as leather, or ...
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Can ML applied on an existing idea be patented?

Can ML applied on an existing idea be patented? Lets say there is a prior art patent P whose claims C cover the methodology steps S. Now the P did not claim any ML (machine learning) approach in their ...
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What are the rules for measuring patents obviousness and generalization?

We always try to make our claims scopes as much generic as possible at the same time overtly generalized claims often fall under obviousness. Is there any criteria or specific rules to measure a claim'...
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Who is the inventor in an invention composed of several already existing sub-devices?

Let´s assume that a company has designed and developed several "building blocks", components, elements or devices that when combined and considered in a specific way (and only in that way) ...
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Two alternative element in one independent claim

Can I use two alternative element without broder statement without covers both? (In one independent claim) (In EPO application) In example, X comprising (A or B) and C (it is an independent apparatus ...
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Adding linking claim to defeat species restriction

The invention is a method and composition to treat a medical condition — a CIP with 20 claims initially. The examiner has required election between the method and composition claims, and election ...
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Is each step in a claim separately protected?

In order to infringe on a US patent, does every step of at least one claim need to be implemented or is each step in a claim separately protected?
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Is it ok to introduce a named element in a claim and never mention it again?

Here's a dumb absolute beginner question: so I have in the claim something like a first lever arm pivotally connected to the widget member at a first joint; a second lever arm pivotally connected to ...
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Importance of configuration descriptions in a claim

I am looking into a new project for which there are a few similar technologies described in patents, but nothing that includes every novel feature I have in mind. However, one of them is written in an ...
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Is hiring a professional attorney/prosecutor after the first evaluation a good idea?

Right now I have no idea whom to hire, possible costs etc. I've been contacting a few firms I found online, also here, and the best I got was a polite reply saying they are no longer in business (...
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Spelling out doses in method claims with “therapeutically effective dose” language

I’m writing method claims for a nutritional supplement like the following— A method of reducing [a health condition] of a subject, comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective ...
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Can alternative embodiments well known to skilled persons but not described in my description be protected by my broad claim?

I missed from the description some alternative embodiments, particularly some different structures/versions/variations. The claim is broad and it is not limited to the embodiments of the description ...
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Is it possible to remove a restrictive term in the main claim of a PCT?

The drafter of my PCT did very poor work and he put a restrictive term in the main claim of my PCT. What are my options to remove that term and expand my claim at the national phase or by amending my ...
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If a claim is broader than the description, what is protected exactly?

If a description describes one embodiment but the claim is very broad that does not limit to that embodiment, what will be actually protected? Any embodiment under the broad claim or the specific ...
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Understanding the claims in this machine learning patent application

I was looking at an American machine learning patent application the other day, and it detailed many specific parts. It goes through how they label the data to solve their problem, and how they train ...
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After drafting two independent claims for interrelated apparatus, is it possible to draft 3rd independent which include both?

I have two interrelated apparatus like a socket and a plug. I'd like to draft one independent claim for each one. Is it possible to draft 3rd independent claims included both apparatus? And if it is ...
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It is ok to have "a turbine blades" in a claim as plural?

I original had "further comprises turbine blades" in the specifications and claims now moving into an independent claim, is it ok to have "a turbine blades" or "a turbine ...
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Ambiguously worded patent claim

I read a US utility patent for some technology where the first claim was a method claim consisting of multiple parts a), b), c), etc. One of those parts specified the range of radiation in which the ...
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Can I add more claims for the same invention after patent grant?

Let's just say I have an invention and I would like to have 60 patent claims to cover the invention properly. I file the application with 30 claims (3 independent and 27 dependent) and my patent is ...
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Can I add additional stages to my base system in a dependent claim?

I have three systems: a system with one stage two stages are used in the core of system 1 three stages are used in the core of system 1 Can I explain my base system with one stage in an independent ...
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How can I write the four configuration of a system in the claims of a patent?

I want to patent four configurations with the same operating principles. Should I write four independent claims to describe the four systems, and four independent claims to describe the operation ...
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What are the rules regarding the applicant being his own lexicographer?

According to the patent law, " applicant may use terms in a manner contrary to or inconsistent with one or more of their ordinary meanings if the written description clearly redefines the terms.&...
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Without access to patent attorney, Is it better to write all claims myself or to write a single, broad claim and add them later on?

I don't have access to patent attorney or professional patent drafter and I need to file an application. After that I plan to publish the invention and, if there will be some interest from any ...
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Will describing by way of a specific example in detailed description of invention support claims that are not so specific?

I am writing a patent description for a patent application. It's a blockchain protocol. When writing it, I found it easier to describe each of the steps the protocol does using an exemplary scenario. ...
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How to add more detail to an element in a dependent claim?

I have a method of monitoring computers. In my independent claim I say a network-connected device. However in my dependent claim I specifically want to say that it is an application server. Is there a ...
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Can you use having as a gerund in a method claim?

A method of cleaning a swimming pools comprising; Having a pool vacuum with a laser range finder attached; Aiming the laser range finder... Is it okay to use "Having" to introduce an element like ...
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How do you reference a method claim from a device claim?

My method claim is what my invention actually does. But my device claim is the thing that I actually want to sell. How do I reference the method claim in my device claim? Something like this? An ...
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Where in your patent application can you make an argument that you're invention is non-obvious?

I'm a guy in a garage inventor. This is my first time trying to get a patent. I've got a provisional patent and I've done a fairly extensive patent search and I've done some research on how to to fill ...
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Do 2 patents with single claim have the same legal protection as 1 patent with 2 independent claims?

I am wondering whether legally a single patent with Claim A and Claim B allows the same legal protection for the content presented in Claim A and Claim B as two single patents containing in Patent 1 ...
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How to distinguish "use" claims from "product" claims?

I understand that a claim like: A compound as claimed in claim 1 for use as a medicine. is a "use" claim (compound used as medicine) as further explained here. Now I ask myself, is a claim like: A ...
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Is it possible to proceed with patent application when prior art is found for 1, but not all, of the indipendent claims?

Suppose we have an EU or US patent with 3 claims. The examiner rejects one of the indipendent claims because of prior art. Ist it still possible to process with the patent application by giving up the ...
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Changing aspect/step of system/method of patent claim to avoid infringing upon patent

I recently asked some questions relating to the scope of claims in utility (specifically, technology) patents. The user "George White" then answered the following in response to question 2: To ...
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Characterization and scope of claims in technology patents

When viewing technology patents, I notice that they list a number of claims, and the structure of these claims takes various forms. Relating to this, my questions are as follows: Does the scope of ...

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