Questions tagged [claims]

Related to claims definition, interpretation, technical terms, the extent, scope, of the protection conferred to a patent

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Older US Utility Application

... that I am wanting international coverage but cannot as the time to do so has expired. I have designed a new component that works with the old claims as a single unit. Can I resume international ...
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How to delimit the last element in a list of means?

The claim 2 has a list of means that apply to "the object" but it may be misconstrued that the last element in the list is not "intercepting" but rather "intercepting the object" in which case the ...
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Claiming various solutions to solving the same problem

if my invention includes various solutions to solving the same problem such that all solutions are independent of each other, how should I claim such an invention?
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Can claim preamble contain terms not present in specification?

I would like to use the term "non pliable" in the claim preamble which does not appear in the specification. However the term "pliable" does appear in the specification but is not specifically defined....
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Is a claim containing two alternatives valid?

Is this claim valid or is this an example of alternative claiming of one or more species. 2. A method of claim 1 further comprising: enforcing at least one of: application rights, application ...
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Is it necessary for a national application to claim priority to the PCT application to get the provisional protection?

A week back, I got a very good answer regarding PCT provisional protection. I have a related question. Is it necessary for a national application to claim priority to the PCT application to get the ...
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Non-Elected, Rejected and Objected claims, and reviving the abandoned patent

I followed my patent application after 3 years and found that it is abandoned. The abandonment report mentioned that patent has been abandoned because "No reply has been received". The final claim ...
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1answer
860 views

Dependent claim from invalid independent claim

I'm following an Inter Partes Review where the petitioner is trying to invalidate every independent claim of a patent based on prior art. If this is successful, some dependent claims will remain. ...
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Can a claim “wherein” clause contain past tense?

I have a claim like this. 1. A method for ....., the method comprising: providing X for a user; 2. The method of claim 1, wherein the user was instructed to do X The claim 2 contains the ...
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Is this a common practice to amend a claim by striking through every word in the original claim?

Is this a common practice to amend a claim by striking through the entire text of the claim and introducing completely new text, instead canceling the claim and introducing a new claim. I mean no word ...
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Nested Claim Construction (US patent practice)

How do you separate the sections of nested method claims to avoid misinterpretation. Claim 1. A method for doing something the method comprising: making square widget comprising: petting the ...
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Is amending an independent claim in an amendment fully responsive to dependent claim rejections?

As in the title, if an examiner rejects claims 1 and 2, with claim 2 being dependent on claim 1, would amending only claim 1 be fully responsive to the office action? For example, Claim 1: A Z ...
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Should I file a design patent on a different embodiment of a utility patent?

After filing a utility patent a simpler embodiment of the invention came to mind as a separate product. The simpler embodiment is covered in the first claim only since the dependent claims define the ...
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Can an inventive step included in the “wherein” clause?

I have a process that performs the same steps as prior art. However my "wherein" part is completely unique. Will it be considered as a valid independent claim?
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Should I use “and” or “or” for “at least one of” structure when only two items involved?

From my understanding, when we use the phrase like "at least one of A, B, C and D", it means AD, BD, CD, ABD, BCD etc. i.e. D is mandatory "at least one of A, B, C or D" means any single item or any ...
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Is there any consequences if I don't amend claims properly before the PCT deadline?

PCT application claims can be amended one time via Article 19 and 34. From my understanding, one can amend claims in the national phase. So what is the point of having limitation in PCT? In US, one ...
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How to write claim language for a clasp designed for a variably sized enclosure?

I want to state that the clasping system in my invention can be used in any size of enclosure. Specifically, I have doubts between using the words: "may" or "is" 2 examples: "enclosure may be ...
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How exactly patent priority date works when multiple priority dates claimed?

I still can't able to understand how priority date works. Let's say I filed a provisional patent in Jan 2019. That specification contains nearly 95% of the real invention. In Jun 2019, I filed one ...
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What is the proper way to file both USPTO and PCT application?

I have two USPTO Provisional Applications. I'm about to file a USPTO non-provisional by claiming priority to those two Provisionals. I'm also planning to file a PCT application. The specification, ...
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Is this patent US only?

I'm unclear on what does patent US D781711S claim & specifically in which region. I've talked with some mates that have studied patent law & they seem as puzzled as me. Anyone care to help? ✌️
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What is the proper way to cover alternative methods in claims?

I do understand the transitional phrase "comprising" is a broad one. A method comprising Step 1 The above method is infringed as long as step 1 is executed. But how do I protect when an equivalent ...
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Election of species for prosecution

I wonder if anyone can answer this. What the US examiner says appears at first sight ambiguous, but there is perhaps a clue in the reference to 35 U.S.C. 121 (which I looked at). The examiner says: “...
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25 views

When exactly patents fall under double-patenting?

I have an omnibus specification and I want to split it into multiple patents at a later point. I'm little afraid that accidentally I'll double patent my work. So I just need some clarification. I ...
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What happen to a “at least one of” claim when one of the item found to be invalid due to a prior art?

A system, comprises at least one of: A B C B becomes invalid after patent get granted and someone proves that in court. 1) Does this make the entire claim invalid or only the ...
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35 views

What is the minimum number of step required in an independent claim?

Can an independent claim can have only one non-obvious inventive step? e.g. A system comprising: Obvious step Inventive step Obvious step Can it be like this to make it broad? A ...
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1answer
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Can a patent owner add more claims by requesting re-examination?

I found a prior art which contains the base part of my invention. It's a granted patent published 5 years back. My patent claims will be narrow to avoid rejection. Can this patent owner, apply for ...
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Can someone infringe my invention by reordering the steps?

My claims looks like this A system for X comprising: Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Can someone infringing my invention by reordering the steps? A system for X comprising: ...
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Can an independent claim depends on other independent claims?

I have two independent claims and they have multiple dependent claims. I have a third independent claim. Can this third independent claim refer to independent claim 1 and 2? Example: Independent ...
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Will there be any downside if I show my patent claims to my infringer before publication?

I already published my paper. [After filing provisional application] A big company seems like copied my work from my paper and they are about to release their product in few months. The reason I ...
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Patent Application Development Artifacts

From the inventor perspective that has an patenet attorney team developing a patent, I am trying to put together a plan comprising a list of deliverables (to be produce by patent attorneys), each with ...
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Where to find recent claims of CN204293650U

Please let me know where I can find recent claims of patent application CN204293650U.
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Can one change claims when applying a national stage application using a PCT application?

My PCT application has more than 100 claims. I wanna have the strongest protection possible in some countries whereas in others I need some limited protection. [I don't want to waste too much money ...
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3answers
50 views

Does an intermediate step considered as patent infringement?

An existing patent uses step A, B, C in the independent claim. My invention inserts a non-obvious step X before step C. So my invention looks like this. A, B, X, C Can the existing patent owner sue ...
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Can one rearrange a claim when examined by the examiner?

I have plenty of dependent claims. I wanna rearrange claims if the main claim rejected by examiner. For example, Claim 4 and 5 depends on claim 3. Claim 3 and 2 depends on the main claim. Claim 1 ...
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difference between count and claim?

I've been reading a decision from 93' - throughout the decision the court refers to the one claim as "count". is there a difference or are these interchangeable?
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Combination of Dependent Claims Infringement

I have a question regarding dependent claim combinations and the infringement of them. Lets say I have these claims: A + B Claim 1 + C Claim 1 + D If someone has an apparatus A + B + C + D, would ...
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1answer
128 views

Who owns the rights to plastic spoons now? (US D234017 S)

In reference to the patent: USD234017 Who owns the rights to plastic spoons now? Their patent was only to last 14 years
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1answer
49 views

Amendment of objectionable or rejected claims?

As I understand it, claims can be: rejected: the substance is unallowable under 35 U.S.C. 101, 102, 103 and/or 112. objected: the form of the claim is improper 37 CFR 75 grouping requirement ...
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1answer
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What is the practical value of repeating similar claims in slightly different contexts?

In claims for a computer-implemented invention, what is the practical advantage of repeating similar claims under "a method," "a system," and "a non-transitory computer usable medium" categories? i....
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1answer
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Combining two possible goals or outcomes in an initial claims statement (see stated example)

Would examiners accept a Claim 1 statement ending like this? : ...in order to execute transmission to, or connection therewith, the method comprising So the issue is whether or not the claim ...
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2answers
140 views

What does US20160034139 cover?

In reference to the patent: US20160034139 The patents link has no diagrams and hence it is very difficult to understand what this patent is all about. Can someone please explain? The first claim ...
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Patent 2336970 interactive electronically presented map

One of our clients received a complaint regarding the use of a interactive map. In this case Google maps with a markers overlay showing store locations. The patent https://data.epo.org/gpi/EP2336970B1-...
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402 views

Understanding divided infringement in method claims

This question might be too detailed for this site, but I will give it a shot... This question relates to divided infringement and when a method claim will have multiple actors. Consider the ...
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1answer
58 views

Distinction between phrases “one or more” and “at least one” and need to include phrase “a plurality of”

In claims, is there any distinction between the phrases "one or more of" and "at least one of"? If "a plurality of" has already been used in the Claim 1 initial statement (e.g., "at least one of a ...
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Can I sell this patented product outside the US?

I'm trying to reproduce this product: https://patents.google.com/patent/US20160324283A1/en but I wondered if I could sell it outside the US since it has the WO patent... Thanks!
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How to develop intuition for writing claim?

I've seen many patent claim examples, and I've tried to write some myself, but each time it feels like I cannot adequately describe/articulate the invention to the level that is needed for the patent ...
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1answer
38 views

Language in claims for individual instance of a plurality

An element in an independent claim reads: a plurality of widgets Since everything I've read says you MUST refer to "said plurality of widgets" or "the plurality of widgets"... Also, if you may ...
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1answer
398 views

US vs Indian Patent System differences

We may be filing for a patent in India, and while our attorneys will be doing the heavy lifting, I was just curious about what major differences there are in the patent system between there and the ...
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What is the strength of the patent, if during re-examination all the independent claims get cancelled and only dependent claims are confirmed?

In the patent US7292151B2, many claims including independent claims have been cancelled during reexamination. However, patentability of corresponding dependent claims is still confirmed. In this case, ...
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1answer
1k views

What is a difference between System Claims and Method Claims?

In many countries, system claims are treated differently as compared to method claims. I wish to understand - What is difference between system and method claims? Generally speaking, in what ...